ASD Seeds

ASD seeds are produced in the field following international protocols that have been improved over our many years of experience. Such protocols allow us to guarantee the highest genetic purity (99.9% tenera purity) of our seeds, which is periodically verified by scrutinizing the quality of the fruit in the plantations.

PolinizadorThe procedures used by ASD ensure the best genetic of its seeds.

ASD has a modern facility where seeds produced in the field are processed, germinated and packed for shipment to customers.

InstalacionesGeneral view of ASD's Seed Processing Unit (SPU) in Coto 49, Costa Rica.

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State-of-the-art technology is used in seed preparation and germination processes at the SPU.

At this facility, new machines are available to separate fruits from the bunch and remove the mesocarp from the seeds. Likewise, automatic seed counters are used that provide greater efficiency and accuracy, and the seeds are handled in rigid containers for better ease of use.

ContadoraSeed counting machines allow greater efficiency and accuracy in the process.

All the information generated in the process is directly included and automatically stored in a database, which minimizes errors and allows high efficiency.

TabletThe information generated in the processes is directly fed into a database by reading barcodes and mobile devices.

The process ASD uses achieves excellent germination in a clean, healthy environment, which ensures the excellent physical quality of the seeds. ASD sends the seeds to its customers in new, modern packaging, which ensures that they arrive fresh and undamaged at any destination around the world.

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ASD seeds are always accompanied by a certificate issued by the State Phytosanitary Service that guarantees the product is free of diseases and pests. In addition, they are certified by the National Seed Office of Costa Rica, an organization that monitors seed production, germination and packing processes in the country.

Thanks to its diverse genetic resources, ASD has managed to develop 10 varieties for different environments and needs.

Varieties

Your preference for our oil palm planting materials motivates us to continuously innovate, so that we can offer you new varieties that are increasingly productive and tolerant to pests, diseases, and adverse environmental conditions, and which guarantee the profitability of your business. This article aims to guide you in choosing the most appropriate variety for the environmental conditions in your region, particularly with regard to rainfall, temperature, solar radiation and soil conditions.

ASD's breeding program is located in Coto, Costa Rica, an area of alluvial soils with high natural fertility where there is high rainfall and low solar radiation, an environment that favors vigorous plant growth. Such conditions are favorable for genetic improvement, since they allow for the selection and development of slow-growing, short-leafed varieties and clones, without the problem of the response being masked by climatic factors.

The information provided in this manual covers the characteristics of the varieties in Coto, Costa Rica, where photographs were taken for illustrative purposes. In addition to the description of the "High Density", "Premium", "Standard" and "Special" varieties, this manual includes information about a new interspecific hybrid that is highly tolerant to bud rot and some clones that have been selected to date for their small size and excellent production characteristics.

Avalanche (High density variety)

The genetics of the Avalanche variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Compact x Nigeria. This variety results from the crossing of mother (dura) palms, originated from the successive backcrossing of a natural E. oleifera x E. guineensis hybrid with E. guineensis, with paternal lines originating from Nigeria (NIFOR).

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Amazon (Compound Hybrid)

This variety comes from the crossing of E. oleifera mother palms originating from native palms of the Manaus region, Brazil, with paternal lines (pisifera) originated from the successive backcrossing of a natural hybrid (E. guineensis x E. oleifera) with E. guineensis lines, known as compact palms. Therefore, Amazon is a compound interspecific hybrid with 56.25% oleifera genes. The commercial seeds of this variety come from the crossing of Manaus mother palms of the second filial generation (F2), with fathers from the advanced populations (third and fourth generation) of "compact" origin.

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Spring Green (Premium Variety)

The genetics of the Spring Green variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Deli x Nigeria. ASD's dura mother palms are descendants of the four original Deli palms introduced from Africa to Sumatra, Indonesia. During the period between 1970 and 1980, ASD introduced genetically improved Deli palms to Costa Rica from renowned breeding centers such as MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research Institute), Chemara Research Center and Banting Research Station in Malaysia, DAMI in New Guinea and SOCFIN in Indonesia.

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Supreme (High density variety)

The genetics of the Supreme variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Deli x Compact, which comes from the crossing of Deli dura palms (Bogor, Java) with compact pisifera palms, originated from the successive backcrossing of a natural E. oleifera x E. guineensis hybrid with E. guineensis.

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Challenger (High density variety)

The genetics of the Challenger variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Compact x Ghana. This variety results from the crossing of mother (dura) palms, originated from the successive backcrossing of a natural E. oleifera x E. guineensis hybrid with E. guineensis, with paternal lines that originated in Nigeria (NIFOR).

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Bamenda (Special variety)

The genetics of the Bamenda variety refers to advanced generations of the variety formerly known as Bamenda x Ekona, whose maternal lines were developed in Costa Rica from wild materials from the highlands in the region of Bamenda, Cameroon (altitude about 1,200 m above sea level).

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Kigoma (Special variety)

The genetics of the Kigoma variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Tanzania x Ekona, whose maternal lines were developed in Costa Rica from wild germplasm introduced from the highlands of Tanzania near Lake Victoria (altitude between 800 and 1,000 m above sea level).

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La Mé (Standard variety)

The genetics of the La Mé variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Deli x La Mé. The dura mother palms of this variety are descendants of the four original Deli palms introduced from Africa to Sumatra, Indonesia. During the period between 1970 and 1980, ASD introduced genetically improved Deli origin palms to Costa Rica from renowned breeding centers such as MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research Institute), Chemara Research Center and Banting Research Station in Malaysia, DAMI in New Guinea and SOCFIN in Indonesia.

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Evolution Blue (High density variety)

This variety results from the crossing of mother palms (dura); originated from the successive backcrossing of a natural E. oleifera x E. guineensis hybrid with E. guineensis, with paternal lines originating from Papua New Guinea.

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Spring Black (Premium variety)

The genetics of the Spring Black variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Deli x Nigeria. ASD's dura mother palms are descendants of the four original Deli palms introduced from Africa to Sumatra, Indonesia. During the period between 1970 and 1980, ASD introduced genetically improved Deli palms to Costa Rica from renowned breeding centers such as MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research Institute), Chemara Research Center and Banting Research Station in Malaysia, DAMI in New Guinea and SOCFIN in Indonesia.

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Themba (High density variety)

The genetics of the Themba variety refers to advanced generations of the variety formerly known as Deli x Ghana. ASD's dura mother palms are descendants of the four original Deli palms introduced from Africa to Sumatra, Indonesia. During the period between 1970 and 1980, ASD introduced genetically improved Deli palms to Costa Rica from renowned breeding centers such as MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research Institute), Chemara Research Center and Banting Research Station in Malaysia, DAMI in New Guinea and SOCFIN in Indonesia.

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