Kigoma (Special variety)
The genetics of the Kigoma variety refers to advanced generations of the variety previously known as Tanzania x Ekona, whose maternal lines were developed in Costa Rica from wild germplasm introduced from the highlands of Tanzania near Lake Victoria (altitude between 800 and 1,000 m above sea level).
The current mother palms of the Kigoma variety correspond to the first and second filial generations (F1 and F2) developed in Costa Rica. These mothers are crossed with fathers descending from the Ekona population, whose selection and initial breeding process was carried out in Cameroon, from where it was introduced to Costa Rica in 1970. Currently, pisifera parents from the first and second generations of Breeding carried out in Costa Rica are used planted between 1987 and 2010.
This variety has moderate vertical growth (56 cm/year) and normal leaf length, so it is planted at the conventional density of 143 palms per hectare. Its bunches have a high oil content and its fruits, although medium (8 g), are characterized by a large kernel and very thin shell. The Kigoma variety stands out for its good tolerance to drought and low environmental temperatures.
In plantations in Uganda, Zambia and Tanzania, located at more than 1,000 meters above sea level, it shows good precocity and superior performance to common varieties. In Central America and some regions in South America it shows some tolerance to bud rot (PC).