Evolution Blue (High density variety)
This variety results from the crossing of mother palms (dura); originated from the successive backcrossing of a natural E. oleifera x E. guineensis hybrid with E. guineensis, with paternal lines originating from Papua New Guinea.
The commercial seeds of the Evolution Blue variety come from the first and second filial generations (F1 and F2) of the second backcross of a population of reduced growth, known originally as compact population, which were sown between the years 1995 and 2009. These superior mothers are crossed with fathers descending from a population called Evolution, whose initial selection process was carried out at DAMI OPRS, Papua New Guinea, from where it was introduced to Costa Rica in 1979.
Currently, we use pisifera parents from the first and second generation of breeding carried out in Costa Rica, which were planted between 1990 and 2010. Evolution Blue palms are characterized by having shorter leaves and trunks than the common E. guineensis varieties, so it can be planted at a higher density than conventional palms.
Evolution Blue's bunches are well formed, with large fruits (13 g) and a particularly high oil content. This variety is highly precocious and fresh fruit production exceeds 30 tons per hectare in the third year of production under favorable management, soil and climate conditions. This is ASD's most recent variety and to date it has only been planted commercially in Mexico and several Central and South American countries, where it shows excellent initial performance. Evolution Blue also stands out because its bunches have a high oil content. The suggested density for this variety is 160 palms per hectare.